Ancient Greek states-Peloponnesian War (431–404 BC)-Greco-Persian Wars (499-448 BC)
Japanese sailors pose for a photograph against the backdrop of the battleship Fusō. During the Battle of Surigao Strait in the Philippines, the Fusō was torpedoed and sunk by the USS Melvin (DD-680), a Fletcher-class destroyer on 25 October 1944. Only a few dozen men survived the rapid foundering and oil fire. There is evidence that some of these were rescued by the destroyer Asagumo, which was itself sunk a short time later. It is also possible that some who escaped the sinking reached the island of Leyte only to be killed by Filipinos, as is known to have happened to survivors from other Japanese warships sunk in the Battle of Surigao Strait. In all, only ten crew members are known to have survived, all of whom returned to Japan. Kure, Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan. May 1943.